In the midst of ever more sophisticated technology we live with the illusion of saving time by doing things with more speed, and increasingly relying on computers: programmes work out difficult problems, they plan for us, think for us. Files, servers and systems store information for us, including photographs - hundreds of millions of photographs.

A Slow Practice

LArge Format Portrait Photography, shot on FP4

Samburu warriors, Kenya

Rob Fraser is drawn to photograph people whose lives are shaped by traditional practices rooted in specific landscapes. Often their pace of life is slow, in cycle with the seasons, and Rob matches this with his own slow practice. Many of the people Rob chooses to photograph are on the edge of the physical and social landscape – on the ‘edgelands’ – and often on the fringes of other people's awareness. They hold a stillness and a sense of connection with traditions and crafts and, often, with ancestors whose lives have been similarly mapped out. The steadying constant is the land, their place in it, and the tasks they do because of where they are.

To capture all of this, Rob makes images with physical film – always ILFORD, invariably FP4+. The process, as well as the result, offer something more tangible and emotionally moving than a now-you-see-it-now-you-don’t digital image. And his traditional ‘large format’ film camera, whose functionality has barely changed since the early days of photography over a century ago, is necessarily slow. On average, it takes half a second to capture an image. That may seem fast but in photography terms it is sloth-like. The time taken to shoot a similar portrait using a digital camera might be around 1/125 of a second or, put another way, sixty times as fast. This is like extending a second so that it lasts a minute, or making a minute’s worth of attention last an hour.

Building Relationships

Making a photograph in this way can’t be done without striking up a relationship. Rob needs to spend time with the people he photographs (you can’t set up a large format camera, on its tripod, and stand there with a bright red cape over your head without first getting to know the people you’re going to shoot). The process of photography is also a process of kinship, talking, finding common ground. It may begin with a smile, or an introduction from a mutual friend. It may start with the sharing of a task. Always there is curiosity and an encounter of hearts and minds.

Capturing Traditions

There is no long lens, no shooting from afar and a subject can’t be photographed unless they are ready, willing, and still. In large format photography something happens that extends beyond the act of photographing: there’s a resonance between photographer and subject and as the image is captured on a negative, a moment in time is stilled, marked out to last, and placed firmly in the memories of everyone who has been involved.

Large Format Portrait Photography, shot on FP4.

Hill Farmer James Rebanks Washing a Herdwick Tup in Preparation for the Autumn Sales

In the relationship that forms while an image is being made, stories are shared. The man whose dream it is to breed a 'perfect' Herdwick sheep, and whose best-selling book champions a tradition integrated with the land; the woman who leaves her five children for weeks on end while she works as a porter to give them the chance to choose a different path; the young woman who sits day after day in the woods with the trees that provide her with the material for her swills (traditional baskets made from strips of oak); the man who has lived in the mountains all of his life and slowly lost his sight; the teenager who has been working with horses in the Kazakh mountains since before he could walk.

Fixed in Place and Time

Editing in camera is key for Rob. The four edges of the negative frame the story and there is no post-production cropping. The final image may be printed life-size or bigger, so it’s possible to stand millimetres from the person who has been photographed and look straight into their eyes. There’s an invitation to pause, perhaps repeating the pause that existed when the photograph was taken, perhaps extending it. Another memory is created.

For all of the slowing down of traditional photography, these images may be reproduced in digital format and will have their time on social networks. But their primary purpose is to exist as prints: light painted onto paper and fixed in place and time.  Each photograph will exist in a limited number of prints to mark the value of the subjects - the people whose lives place them in the edgelands, sometimes through choice, often through birth. They keep their local connections strong and stand still in time. Meanwhile in the global community where lives are disconnected in time and space, voices and images are easily glossed over, forgotten in the blink of an eye.

Large Format Portrait Photography, Shot on FP4

Three Porters, from left - Bim Badhur Tamang, Eka Badhu Rai, Kaji Sherpa at Gorak Shep - Everest

The Edgelands

The cultures thriving on the edgelands will change and adapt over time and some may pass. Capturing their lives and stories on film offers a tangible, emotional reminder of what is important now. Future generations may hold the prints in their hands even when the internet has failed.

Adapted from an article first published in Dark Mountain volume 8, Autumn 2015